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Title: Comparison of intelligent parking guidance system and conventional system with regard to capacity utilisation
Authors: Doğaroğlu, Bora
Çalışkanelli, S. Pelin
Tanyel, Serhan
Keywords: Capacity utilization of car parks
Car park management
Carbon emission
Intelligent parking guidance system
Value of time
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The capacity utilisation of car parks is an important issue because of space deficiency for infrastructure improvement in city centres. Intelligent Parking Guidance Systems (IPGSs) provide a solution to such shortages by managing car park capacity. In this study, an IPGS model is proposed concerning the occupancy condition of three surface car parks, and the proposed model is compared with the conventional system (CS) where drivers tend to prefer the closest parking utility. A multi-agent-based simulation program investigates five scenarios and the results compared regarding the occupancy ratio, wasted Value of Time (VoT), and emission of harmful gases. The simulation results illustrate that the proposed IPGS model manages to equilibrate the capacity utilisation of car parks and the parking search period compared with the CS model. Analysis results show that emissions for CS of CO2, CO, HC, and NOx are 398.71, 19.90, 3.29, and 21.14 g/s/veh, respectively. This is attributed to the extra search period in the CS models. Besides, the cost of this extra searching period in CS is estimated in terms of the value of time for Turkey, Germany, U.K., and France as 0.49, 0.93, 1.42, and 1.42 euro/veh respectively. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN: 2210-6707
Appears in Collections:Mechanical Engineering / Makina Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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