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Title: A diaminoethane motif bearing low molecular weight polymer as a new nucleic acid delivery agent
Authors: Zelcak, Aykut
Ünal, Yağmur Ceren
Meşe, Gülistan
Bulmuş, Volga
Keywords: siRNA delivery
Gene delivery
Cationic polymers
Gene therapy
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Among polymer-based gene delivery systems, poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) stands out as an effective polycation. However, the toxic effects of PEI especially at higher molecular weights limit its usage. Although the effects of PEI's architecture and molecular weight on gene delivery is controversial in literature, low molecular weight PEI appears to be efficient at transfection while having lower toxicity. Herein, as an alternative to low molecular weight, linear PEI, a methacrylate polymer bearing diamimoethane motifs, poly(2-((2-aminoethyl)amino)ethyl methacrylate) (P(AEAEMA)), was evaluated in vitro as a new nucleic acid delivery agent. P(AEAEMA) (8 kDa) showed low toxicity on Skov-3-luc and NIH/3T3 cell lines at polymer concentrations where PEI (8 kDa) was highly toxic. P(AEAEMA) could efficiently form complexes with siRNA at an N/P ratio of 2 as shown by gel electrophoresis. The diameter of P(AEAEMA)-siRNA complexes was found to be significantly lower than PEIsiRNA complexes almost at all tested N/P ratios. P(AEAEMA) could improve the stability of siRNA in serum containing media by protecting the siRNA against serum nucleases. siRNA and pDNA transfection efficiency of P (AEAEMA) on luciferase expressing Skov-3-luc cell line and HEK 293T cell line, respectively was found to be comparable to well-known nucleic acid carrier, PEI. The transfection efficiency of both P(AEAEMA) and PEI was found to be cell-type-dependent. None of the polymers were able to transfect MDA-MB-231 cells with siRNA or pDNA.
ISSN: 1773-2247
Appears in Collections:Bioengineering / Biyomühendislik
Molecular Biology and Genetics / Moleküler Biyoloji ve Genetik
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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