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Title: Development of Si doped nano hydroxyapatite reinforced bilayer chitosan nanocomposite barrier membranes for guided bone regeneration
Authors: Tamburacı, Sedef
Tıhmınlıoğlu, Funda
Keywords: Chitosan
Si doped nanohydroxyapatite
Periodontal regeneration
GBR membrane
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR) is a widely used process for the treatment of periodontal defects to prevent the formation of surrounding soft tissue at the periodontal defect and to provide hard tissue regeneration. Recently GBR designs have focused on the development of resorbable natural polymer-based barrier membranes due to their biodegradability and excellent biocompatibility. The aim of this study is to fabricate a novel bilayer nanocomposite membrane with microporous sublayer composed of chitosan and Si doped nanohydroxyapatite particles (Si-nHap) and chitosan/PEO nanofiber upper layer. Bilayer membrane was designed to prevent epithelial and fibroblastic cell migration and growth impeding bone formation with its upper layer and to support osteogenic cell bioactivity at the defect site with its sublayer. Microporous and nanofiber layers were fabricated by using freeze-drying and electrospinning techniques respectively. The effect of Si-nHap content on the morphological, mechanical and physical properties of the composites were investigated using SEM, AFM, micro-Ct, compression test, water uptake capacity and enzymatic degradation study. Antimicrobial properties of nanocomposite membranes were investigated with tube dilution and disk diffusion methods. In vitro cytotoxicity of bilayer membranes was evaluated. Saos-2 and NIH/3T3 proliferation studies were carried out on each layer. In vitro bioactivity of Saos-2 and NIH/3T3 cells were evaluated with ALP activity and hydroxyproline content respectively. Results showed that Si-nHap incorporation enhanced the mechanical and physical properties as well as controlling biodegradability of the polymer matrix. Besides, Si-nHap loading induced the bioactivity of Saos-2 cells by enhancing cell attachment, spreading and biomineralization on the material surface. Thus, results supported that designed bilayer nanocomposite membranes can be used as a potential biomaterial for guided bone regeneration in periodontal applications.
ISSN: 0928-4931
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering / Kimya Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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