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Title: PCR-Free methodology for detection of single-nucleotide polymorphism with a cationic polythiophene reporter
Authors: Yücel, Müge
Koç, Altuğ
UÜgenalp, Ayfer
Akkoç, Gün Deniz
Ceyhan, Metin
Yıldız, Ümit Hakan
Keywords: Conjugated polyelectrolyte
PCR-free SNP detection
Familial Mediterranean fever
DNA biosensors
Nucleic acid assay
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: This study presents a nonamplification-based nucleic acid assay for the detection of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) associated with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) besides polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methodologies. The major objective is to show the potential of the proposed assay for rapid screening of FMF in a Mediterranean region of 400 million population. The assay relies on binding difference of specially designed wild and mutant primers to the target genomic DNA, followed by determination of unbound primers by quick titration of a cationic polythiophene reporter. The fluorescent reporter exhibits signal transition from 525 to 580 nm in the presence of unbound primers, and it correlates the binding affinity of label-free primers to the homozygous wild and mutant genomes. As a proof of concept, 26 real samples are studied relying on the ON and OFF fluorescence signals of the cationic polythiophene reporter. The results are analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA), which provides clear separation of healthy and patient individuals. The further analysis by support vector machine (SVM) classification has revealed that our assay converges to 96% overall accuracy. These results support that the PCR-free nucleic acid assay has a significant potential for rapid and cost-effective screening of familial Mediterranean fever.
ISSN: 2379-3694
Appears in Collections:Chemistry / Kimya
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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