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Title: The Importance of Surface Adsorbates in Solution-Processed Thermoelectric Materials: The Case of SnSe
Authors: Liu, Yu
Calcabrini, Mariano
Yu, Yuan
Genç, Aziz
Chang, Cheng
Costanzo, Tommaso
Kleinhanns, Tobias
Keywords: Grain boundaries
Liquid sintering
solution processing
Surface chemistry
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Solution synthesis of particles emerges as an alternative to prepare thermoelectric materials with less demanding processing conditions than conventional solid-state synthetic methods. However, solution synthesis generally involves the presence of additional molecules or ions belonging to the precursors or added to enable solubility and/or regulate nucleation and growth. These molecules or ions can end up in the particles as surface adsorbates and interfere in the material properties. This work demonstrates that ionic adsorbates, in particular Na+ ions, are electrostatically adsorbed in SnSe particles synthesized in water and play a crucial role not only in directing the material nano/microstructure but also in determining the transport properties of the consolidated material. In dense pellets prepared by sintering SnSe particles, Na remains within the crystal lattice as dopant, in dislocations, precipitates, and forming grain boundary complexions. These results highlight the importance of considering all the possible unintentional impurities to establish proper structure-property relationships and control material properties in solution-processed thermoelectric materials.
ISSN: 0935-9648
Appears in Collections:Materials Science and Engineering / Malzeme Bilimi ve Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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