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Title: Utilization of renewable energy sources in desalination of geothermal water for agriculture
Authors: Tomaszewska, Barbara
Gökçen Akkurt, Gülden
Kaczmarczyk, Michal
Bujakowski, Wieslaw
Keleş, Nazlı
Jarma, Yakubu A.
Baba, Alper
Bryjak, Marek
Kabay, Nalan
Keywords: Desalination
Geothermal water
Renewable energy sources
Capacitive deionization
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The agricultural sector, which is highly dependent on water, is urged to build on improved water management practices and explore available options to match supply and demand because of the water scarcity risks and a sustainable and productive agri-food chain. Geothermal water is an energy source used to generate electricity and/or heat. After harnessing its energy, the remaining water can be used as a water source for irrigation following treatment because of its high ionic content. Geothermal fields are mostly located in rural areas where agricultural activities exist. This would be a good match to decrease the transportation cost of irrigation water. The energy demand of the desalination process for agriculture is higher, requiring additional post-treatment processes. Fossil fuels to fulfill the energy requirements are becoming expensive, and greenhouse gas emissions are harmful to the environment. Thus, efforts should be directed towards integrating renewable energy resources into desalination process. This work focuses on presenting a comprehensive review of geothermal water desalination which is powered by renewable energy and provides specific cases from Turkey and Poland. Furthermore, possible new generation renewable energy systems in desalination are introduced, considering their potential application in the desalination of geothermal water for agricultural irrigation.
ISSN: 0011-9164
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering / İnşaat Mühendisliği
Energy Systems Engineering / Enerji Sistemleri Mühendisliği
IZTECH Research Centers Collection / İYTE Araştırma Merkezleri Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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