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Title: Event distortion-based clustering algorithm for energy harvesting wireless sensor networks
Authors: Al-Qamaji, Ali
Atakan, Barış
Izmir Institute of Technology
Izmir Institute of Technology
Keywords: Clustering
Energy efficient
Spatial correlation
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs)
Issue Date: Nov-2021
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) consist of compact deployed sensor nodes which collectively report their sensed readings about an event to the Base Station (BS). In WSNs, due to the dense deployment, sensor readings can be spatially correlated and it is nonessential to transmit all their readings to the BS. Therefore, for more energy efficient, it is vital to choose which sensor node should report their sensed readings to the BS. In this paper, the event distortion-based clustering (EDC) algorithm is proposed for the spatially correlated sensor nodes. Here, the sensor nodes are assumed to harvest energy from ambient electromagnetic radiation source. The EDC algorithm allows the energy-harvesting sensor nodes to select and eliminate nonessential nodes while maintain an acceptable level of distortion at the BS. To measure the reliability, a theoretical framework of the distortion function is first derived for both single-hop and two-hop communication scenarios. Then, based on the derived theoretical framework, the EDC algorithm is introduced. Through extensive simulations, the performance of the EDC algorithm is evaluated in terms of achievable distortion level, number of alive nodes and harvested energy levels. As a result, EDC algorithm can successfully exploit both the spatial correlation and energy harvesting to improve the energy efficiency while preserving an acceptable level of distortion. Furthermore, the performance comparisons reveal that the two-hop communication model outperforms the single-hop model in terms of the distortion and energy-efficiency.
Appears in Collections:Electrical - Electronic Engineering / Elektrik - Elektronik Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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