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Title: Extraction of monophenols and fractionation of depolymerized lignin oil with nanofiltration membranes
Authors: Croes, Tim
Dutta, Abhishek
De Bie, Robin
Van Aelst, Korneel
Sels, Bert
Van der Bruggen, Bart
Keywords: Lignin depolymerization
Membrane separation
Organic solvent nanofiltration
Issue Date: Jan-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Organic solvent nanofiltration membranes were employed to fractionate birch derived reductive catalytic fractionated (RCF) lignin oil. This lignin oil is highly depolymerized, with most, if not all chemical compounds lighter than 3 kDa. Sixteen commercially available membranes were investigated for the fractionation, in combination with methanol and ethyl acetate as solvents. Membrane performances were quantified using Gaussian fits of gel permeation chromatograms and separation factor calculations. The separation factor was found to be primarily based on affinities instead of size-exclusion. The silicon-based membranes from Borsig (Germany) and PuraMem S600 from Evonik (UK) proved best at separating lignin into different functional fractions, showing monomer separation factors up to 7.4 and providing a permeate fraction with 88 % phenolic monomer purity. These membranes were further examined in batch diafiltration and two-stage filtration. This increased the separation factor from 7.4 to 25.4, and the monomer purity of the permeate to 95 %, proving that membrane purification of the lignin-derived monophenols is technically feasible.
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering / Kimya Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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