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Title: Development of AB3-type novel phthalocyanine and porphyrin photosensitizers conjugated with triphenylphosphonium for higher photodynamic efficacy
Authors: Önal, Emel
Tüncel, Özge
Erdoğan, İpek
Albakour, Mohamad
Gümüşgöz Çelik, Gizem
Küçük, Tuǧba
Akgül, Bünyamin
Gürek, Ayşe Gül
Özçelik, Serdar
Keywords: Phthalocyanine
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Issue Date: Nov-2022
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: There are a number of lipophilic cations that can be chosen; the triphenylphosphonium (TPP) ion is particularly unique for mitochondrion targeting, mainly due to its simplicity in structure and ease to be linked to the target molecules. In this work, mitochondrion-targeted AB3-type novel phthalocyanine and porphyrin photosensitizers (PSs) were synthesized and their photophysical photochemical properties were defined. Fluorescence quantum yields (φF) are 0.009, 0.14, 0.13, and 0.13, and the singlet-oxygen quantum yields (φΔ) are 0.27, 0.75, 0.57, and 0.58 for LuPcPox(OAc), AB3TPP-Pc, AB3TPP-Por-C4, and AB3TPP-Por-C6, respectively. To evaluate the photodynamic efficacy of the TPP-conjugated PS cell viabilities of A549 and BEAS-2B lung cells were comparatively measured and IC-50 values were determined. AB3TPP-Por-C4, AB3TPP-Por-C6, and AB3TPP-Pc compounds compared to the reference molecules ZnPc and H2TPP were found to be highly cytotoxic (sub-micromolar concentration) under the light. LuPcPox(OAc) is the most effective molecule regarding cell killing (the activity). The cell killing of the TPP-conjugated porphyrin derivatives exhibits a similar response compared to LuPcPox(OAc) when the light absorbing factor of the PS is normalized at 660 nm: TPP-conjugated porphyrins absorb less light (lower extinction coefficient) but produce more radical species (higher singlet-oxygen quantum yield) and therefore effectively kill the cells. The singlet oxygen-producing capacity of AB3TPP-Pc is almost 3 times higher compared to LuPcPox(OAc) and 50% more efficient with respect to ZnPc, suggesting that TPP-conjugated phthalocyanine may serve as a good photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT). The high singlet oxygen generation capacity of these novel TPP-conjugated porphyrin and phthalocyanine PS suggests that they might be useful for PDT requiring lower photosensitizer concentration and reduced energy deposited through less light exposure.
Description: The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) for financial support (project number: 116Z337).
Appears in Collections:Chemistry / Kimya
Molecular Biology and Genetics / Moleküler Biyoloji ve Genetik
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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