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Title: Improving adhesive behavior of fiber reinforced composites by incorporating electrospun Polyamide-6,6 nanofibers in joining region
Authors: Esenoğlu, Gözde
Barışık, Murat
Tanoğlu, Metin
Yeke, Melisa
Türkdoğan, Ceren
İplikçi, Hande
Martin, Seçkin
Nuhoğlu, Kaan
Aktaş, Engin
Dehneliler, Serkan
İriş, Mehmet Erdem
Keywords: Carbon fiber reinforced polymer
Adhesive bonding
Electrospinning nanofiber
Interlaminar fracture
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Abstract: Adhesive joining of fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite components is demanded in various industrial applications. However, the joining locations frequently suffer from adhesive bond failure between adhesive and adherent. The aim of the present study is improving bonding behavior of adhesive joints by electrospun nanofiber coatings on the prepreg surfaces that have been used for composite manufacturing. Secondary bonding of woven and unidirectional CFRP parts was selected since this configuration is preferred commonly in aerospace practices. The optimum nanofiber coating with a low average fiber diameter and areal weight density is succeed by studying various solution concentrations and spinning durations of the polyamide-6.6 (PA 66) electrospinning. We obtained homogeneous and beadles nanofiber productions. As a result, an average diameter of 36.50 +/- 12 nm electrospun nanofibers were obtained and coated onto the prepreg surfaces. Prepreg systems with/without PA 66 nanofibers were hot pressed to fabricate the CFRP composite laminates. The single-lap shear test coupons were prepared from the fabricated laminates to examine the effects of PA 66 nanofibers on the mechanical properties of the joint region of the composites. The single-lap shear test results showed that the bonding strength is improved by about 40% with minimal adhesive use due to the presence of the electrospun nanofibers within the joint region. The optical and SEM images of fractured surfaces showed that nanofiber-coated joints exhibited a coherent failure while the bare surfaces underwent adhesive failure. The PA66 nanofibers created better coupling between the adhesive and the composite surface by increasing the surface area and roughness. As a result, electrospun nanofibers turned adhesive failure into cohesive and enhanced the adhesion performance composite joints substantially.
ISSN: 0021-9983
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering / İnşaat Mühendisliği
Mechanical Engineering / Makina Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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