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Title: Intensity and phase stacked analysis of a 40-OTDR system using deep transfer learning and recurrent neural networks
Authors: Kayan, Ceyhun Efe
Yüksel Aldoğan, Kıvılcım
Gümüş, Abdurrahman
Keywords: Recognition
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Optica Publishing Group
Abstract: Distributed acoustic sensors (DAS) are effective apparatuses that are widely used in many application areas for recording signals of various events with very high spatial resolution along optical fibers. To properly detect and recognize the recorded events, advanced signal processing algorithms with high computational demands are crucial. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are highly capable tools to extract spatial information and are suitable for event recognition applications in DAS. Long short-term memory (LSTM) is an effective instrument to process sequential data. In this study, a two-stage feature extraction methodology that combines the capabilities of these neural network architectures with transfer learning is proposed to classify vibrations applied to an optical fiber by a piezoelectric transducer. First, the differential amplitude and phase information is extracted from the phasesensitive optical time domain reflectometer (40-OTDR) recordings and stored in a spatiotemporal data matrix. Then, a state-of-the-art pre-trained CNN without dense layers is used as a feature extractor in the first stage. In the second stage, LSTMs are used to further analyze the features extracted by the CNN. Finally, a dense layer is used to classify the extracted features. To observe the effect of different CNN architectures, the proposed model is tested with five state-of-the-art pre-trained models (VGG-16, ResNet-50, DenseNet-121, MobileNet, and Inception-v3). The results show that using the VGG-16 architecture in the proposed framework manages to obtain a 100% classification accuracy in 50 trainings and got the best results on the 40-OTDR dataset. The results of this study indicate that pre-trained CNNs combined with LSTM are very suitable to analyze differential amplitude and phase information represented in a spatiotemporal data matrix, which is promising for event recognition operations in DAS applications. (c) 2023 Optica Publishing Group
ISSN: 1559-128X
Appears in Collections:Electrical - Electronic Engineering / Elektrik - Elektronik Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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