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Title: Numerical study of fluid flow and mixing in the argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) process
Authors: Cheng, Zhongfu
Wang, Yannan
Dutta, Abhishek
Blanpain, Bart
Guo, Muxing
Malfliet, Annelies
Keywords: CFD
Multiphase flow behavior
Mixing efficiency
Parameter optimization
Publisher: Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Abstract: A three-dimensional (3D) model has been developed based on the Eulerian multiphase flow approach to investigate the fluid flow behavior and mixing efficiency in the multi-tuyere AOD process. The interphase forces, including drag force, lift force, virtual force, turbulent dispersion force, and wall lubrication force, were incorporated into this model. The model was used to simulate six-tuyere and seven-tuyere AOD processes. The phenomena of multi-jet penetration, bubble plume merging, 3D turbulent flow and mixing characteristics were considered. The results indicate that the bubble plume merging occurs in the upper part of the liquid bath, forming a typical plume cluster. The predicted penetration length for a single tuyere jet agrees well with the previous work. For the multi-jet system, the side jets penetrate deeper than the inside ones. The six-tuyere AOD has a good flow condition in the center of the liquid bath, while the seven-tuyere AOD has a better flow pattern in the sidewall region and the lower bath. Overall, the seven-tuyere AOD performs better in mixing efficiency than the six-tuyere AOD under the same gas flow rate. These findings increase the understanding of the AOD process, allowing further optimization of process parameters. This model can be further extended to incorporate the thermochemical reactions into the modeling of the AOD reactor.
ISSN: 0915-1559
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering / Kimya Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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