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Title: Effect of heat input on HAZ softening in fiber laser welding of 22MnB5 steel
Authors: Tuncel, Oğuz
Aydın, Hakan
Davut, Kemal
Keywords: Fiber laser welding
22MnB5 steel
HAZ softening
Mechanical properties
Issue Date: Sep-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: This study investigates the effects of heat input on the heat-affected zone (HAZ) softening in fiber laser welding of quenched 1.1 mm thick 22MnB5 steel. Laser power (1500-2500 W) and welding speed (40-120 mm/s) parameters are considered as the input process variables. Depending on the input parameters, the applied heat input varied between 12.5 and 62.5 J/mm. The results indicate that a minimum heat input of 50 J/mm is required for full weld penetration. Microhardness findings revealed that the drop in hardness in the HAZ region relative to the base material (BM) reached 39% due to grain coarsening caused by an increase in heat input under the welding conditions. Grain coarsening (prior austenite grains) is also detected in SEM analysis. In addition, grain coarsening at high heat input was also determined quantitatively in EBSD analyses. The proportion of 8.91 mu m grain size in the sample with high heat input is 4.2%, while it is 1.2% in the sample with low heat input. When the heat input increased from 12.5 to 62.5 J/mm, the width of the softened zone with the lowest hardnesses in the HAZ grew from 0.2 mm to 2.2 mm.
ISSN: 0030-3992
Appears in Collections:Materials Science and Engineering / Malzeme Bilimi ve Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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