Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11147/13672
Title: Optimizing the dispersion of calcium phosphate nanoparticles for cellular studies using statistical design of experiments
Authors: Önder, Anıl Can
Tomak, Aysel
Öksel Karakuş, Ceyda
Keywords: Design of experiment
Dispersion
Nano-powders
Nanoceramics
Nanoparticles
Optimization
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The in vitro experimentation of ceramic nanoparticles often requires their dispersion in liquid media without causing particle clumps or deteriorating sample integrity. However, the dispersion of nanoparticles using the available protocols rarely leads to stable and uniform dispersions which, in turn, raises concerns about the validity, repeatability and comparability of the findings observed in vitro. Moreover, the ability to control the final dispersion quality of ceramic nanoparticles is an essential step to obtaining optimized nanoceramic materials with desired functionality and to enhancing their performance in subsequent applications. While the need to have a comprehensive guideline for the dispersion of nanoparticles has led to several published documents and protocols, the dispersion methodology of ceramic nanoparticles and the relative contribution of the experimental parameters to the quality of resulting dispersion are still not clear. Here, we employed the statistical design of experiment (DoE) approach to systematically assess the magnitude and source of variation in dispersion quality of two different ceramic nanoparticles, hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate. Using the first-order Plackett-Burman Design (PBD), nanoparticle concentration, pH and the presence of an additive were identified as the most critical factors influencing the resulting hydrodynamic size and zeta potential of the ceramic nanoparticles. Optimization using a second-order Central Composite Design (CCD) yielded a set of quadratic regression equations that were used to predict the hydrodynamic size or zeta potential of ceramic nanoparticles with high accuracy (R2, 0.88–0.92). The results of PBD screening and CCD optimization experiments were employed to prepare nanoparticle dispersions of different quality, which were then used to compare the effect of aggregation on the viability of human osteosarcoma (SaOS-2) cells. Overall, the results of this study provided insight into the role that various experimental parameters play in the colloidal stability and dispersion of ceramic nanoparticles. © 2023
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2023.05.226
https://hdl.handle.net/11147/13672
ISSN: 0272-8842
Appears in Collections:Bioengineering / Biyomühendislik
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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