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Title: Investigation of resonant properties of metamaterial THz filters fabricated from vanadium dioxide thin films
Authors: Zeybek, Şehriban
Demirhan, Yasemin
Noori, Aileen
Tugay, Halime
Altan, Hakan
Sabah, Cumali
Aygun, Gülnur
Keywords: THz metamaterials
VO2 thin film
tunable metamaterials
metal-insulating transition (MIT) materials
Active Terahertz Metamaterials
Abstract: Vanadium dioxide (VO2) is a promising candidate for electronic and optical switching applications in the terahertz frequency range due to the metal to insulator transition (MIT). In this study, the use of VO2 patterned as a metamaterial surface or coupled as a homogeneous layer with a metallic metamaterial surface on top is investigated in terms of performance. High-quality VO2 thin films were deposited on c-cut sapphire substrates by using the dc magnetron sputtering technique. A change in resistivity by a factor of 104 MIT in VO2 was observed allowing to investigate its use as a controllable metamaterial. The layer was patterned using a unique geometry (four-cross shaped) that operates in the THz frequency range. To understand its performance as a tunable THz filter, the four-cross structure fabricated from VO2 is compared to one fabricated from Au on VO2 bare film using UV lithography and ion beam etching techniques. The spectral performances of metamaterials were assessed using THz-Time Domain Spectroscopy (THz-TDS) and results were compared with simulations based on CST Microwave Studio. Absence of the resonant effects in the purely developed VO2 device, while clear observation of the MIT behavior shows the strong dependency of the inductive and/or capacitive effects of the four-cross structure on conductivity of the surface metamaterial, which is clearly observable for the Au-based device. In the latter case, the resonant transmittance of the filter can be effectively modulated by change in temperature.
ISSN: 0217-9849
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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