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Title: Engineering periodontal tissue interfaces using multiphasic scaffolds and membranes for guided bone and tissue regeneration
Authors: Özkendir, Özge
Karaca, İlayda
Çullu, Selin
Erdoğan, Oğul Can
Yaşar, Hüsniye Nur,
Dikici, Serkan
Owen, Robert
Aldemir Dikici, Betül
Keywords: Biomaterials
Guided bone regeneration
Tissue engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Periodontal diseases are one of the greatest healthcare burdens worldwide. The periodontal tissue compartment is an anatomical tissue interface formed from the periodontal ligament, gingiva, cementum, and bone. This multifaceted composition makes tissue engineering strategies challenging to develop due to the interface of hard and soft tissues requiring multiphase scaffolds to recreate the native tissue architecture. Multilayer constructs can better mimic tissue interfaces due to the individually tuneable layers. They have different characteristics in each layer, with modulation of mechanical properties, material type, porosity, pore size, morphology, degradation properties, and drug-releasing profile all possible. The greatest challenge of multilayer constructs is to mechanically integrate consecutive layers to avoid delamination, especially when using multiple manufacturing processes. Here, we review the development of multilayer scaffolds that aim to recapitulate native periodontal tissue interfaces in terms of physical, chemical, and biological characteristics. Important properties of multiphasic biodegradable scaffolds are highlighted and summarised, with design requirements, biomaterials, and fabrication methods, as well as post-treatment and drug/growth factor incorporation discussed. © 2023 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 2772-9508
Appears in Collections:Bioengineering / Biyomühendislik
Molecular Biology and Genetics / Moleküler Biyoloji ve Genetik
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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