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Title: Corn processing by pulsed electric fields with respect to microbial inactivation and improvement of seed vigour
Authors: Evrendilek, Gulsun Akdemir
Atmaca, Bahar
Uzuner, Sibel
Keywords: Pulsed electric fields
Corn vigour
Stress tolerance
Microbial inactivation
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Abstract: Pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment of corn grains to improve seed vigour and inactivation of endogenous microflora by energies ranging from 1.20 to 28.8 J were applied to determine effectiveness of applied energies on germination rate (GR), normal seedling rate (NSR), electrical conductivity (EC), ability to germinate under salt (100- and 200 mM salt) and cold (at 10 degrees C for 7 days and at 25 degrees C for 5 days) stresses. Moreover, the effect of PEF treatments was further investigated for the inactivation of total aerobic mesophilic bacteria (TAMB), total mold and yeast (TMY), and inactivation rate (%) of Aspergillus parasiticus. Increased energy provided 11.10 % increase in GR, 21.22 % increase in NSR, 95.50 % increase in germination at 10 degrees C for 7 days. Germination under stress conditions revealed 32.53 %, 68.35 %, and 76 % increase in germination at 25 degrees C for 5 days, under 100 mM- and 200 mM NaCI salt stresses. Inactivation on the mean initial TAMB and TMY were approximately 9.25 and 7.93 log, respectively, with 63.33 +/- 0.22 % reduction in A. parasiticus culture. PEF treated corn seedlings had stronger and taller body formation with stronger roots. The most optimal processing parameters were detected as 300 Hz, 28.80 J, and 19.78 sec. PEF treatment carries a high potential to improve corn vigour with inactivation of surface microflora.
ISSN: 0168-1699
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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