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Title: Hydrogen production from biomass on structured catalysts
Authors: ┼×eker, Erol
Umdu, Emin Selahattin
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Izmir Institute of Technology
Abstract: The objective of this study is to investigate crystallite-size effect for oxides of transition metals iron supported on magnesium oxide (MgO) and cerium oxide (CeO2) modified alumina (Al2O3) and the effect of the basicity and/or basic strength of support material, on activity and hydrogen selectivity in the steam reforming of glycerol. Crystallite size effect is observed for MgO and Fe on MgO/Al2O3. It is observed that larger MgO crystallites size shifts gaseous product selectivity towards CO. Further as crystallite size is becomes higher than ~5 nm for Fe for gas product selectivity decreases. Basisity has also a similar behaviour; higher basisity or presence of unidentate carbonate basic sites observed at 865 and 800 cm-1 FTIR bands for CeO2 promoted catalysts hinder CO formation and promotes CO2 formation. This also results in high activity of steam reforming. Also basisity studies shows that inorganic carboxylate catalyst site with FTIR band 1535 and 1410 cm-1 is dominantly effective for gaseous product selectivity. High total basisity do not required for high glycerol conversion, yet high total basisity results in high gaseous product selectivity. Considering studied catalysts and their catalytic activities it can be concluded that MgO and Fe modified catalysts shows better activity for syngas production due to their basic and crystalline properties. And CeO2 modified catalysts or MgO catalysts with crystallite sizes lower than 5 nm are shows better performances for CO free product
Description: Thesis (Doctoral)--Izmir Institute of Technology, Chemical Engineering, Izmir, 2012
Includes bibliographical references (leaves. 56-60)
Text in English; Abstract: Turkish and English
x, 74 leaves
Appears in Collections:Phd Degree / Doktora

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