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Title: Molecular characterization of biofilm properties of listeria monocytogenes in the presence of o-coumaric acid and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid
Authors: Soyer Dönmez, Ferda
Ekin, Umut
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Izmir Institute of Technology
Abstract: Biofilms in medical and food industries are difficult to deal with. The formation of biofilms on every type of surfaces, ability to withstand in biofilm structures against thousand folds of lethal antibiotic doses and reasoning for different kinds of chronic diseases prove dangerousness of biofilms. Food borne pathogens that survive in biofilms can contaminate foods and feeding tubes which results food poisonings, outbreaks and infections. Listeria monocytogenes EGDe is one of the dangerous food borne pathogens with ability to form biofilms and cause listeriosis among elderly people, immunocompromised patients or pregnant women, which results lethal consequences. In this study, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and o-coumaric acid that have potential antimicrobial and antibiofilm effect on Listeria monocytogenes EGDe were examined. Furthermore, protein profiles were investigated in the presence of phenolic acids. The antimicrobial assays of selected phenolic acids revealed the MICs against Listeria monocytogenes EGDe which are 18 mM for 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and 10 mM for ocoumaric acid. In the presence of MICs, while o-coumaric acid reduced initial attachment at 58%, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid reduced 48%. 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and ocoumaric acid also showed inhibitory effects on preformed biofilms as 34% and 56% respectively. The inhibitory effects of selected phenolic acids were ensured by visualization with SEM and Flourescence Microscopy. Afterwards, Listeria monocytogenes EGDe was treated with MIC of phenolic acids for total protein isolation. Isolated proteins were subjected to in-gel digestion and analysed in nanoLC-ESIMS/ MS system to interpret the mode of actions of antimicrobial and antibiofilming properties
Description: Thesis (Master)--Izmir Institute of Technology, Molecular Biology and Genetics, Izmir, 2013
Includes bibliographical references (leaves: 38-42)
Text in English; Abstract: Turkish and English
xii, 43 leaves
Full text release delayed at author's request until 2016.08.21
Appears in Collections:Master Degree / Yüksek Lisans Tezleri

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