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Title: Groundwater contamination and its effect on health in Turkey
Authors: Baba, Alper
Tayfur, Gökmen
Keywords: Groundwater
Issue Date: Dec-2011
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Source: Baba, A., and Tayfur, G. (2011). Groundwater contamination and its effect on health in Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 183(1-4) , 77-94. doi:10.1007/s10661-011-1907-z
Abstract: The sources of groundwater pollution in Turkey are identified, and pathways of contaminants to groundwater are first described. Then, the effects of groundwater quality on health in Turkey are evaluated. In general, sources of groundwater contamination fall into two main categories: natural and anthropogenic sources. Important sources of natural groundwater pollution in Turkey include geological formations, seawater intrusion, and geothermal fluid(s). The major sources of anthropogenic groundwater contamination are agricultural activities, mining waste, industrial waste, on-site septic tank systems, and pollution from imperfect well constructions. The analysis results revealed that natural contamination due to salt and gypsum are mostly found in Central and Mediterranean regions and arsenic in Aegean region. Geothermal fluids which contain fluoride poses a danger for skeleton, dental, and bone problems, especially in the areas of Denizli, Isparta, and AydIn. Discharges from surface water bodies contaminate groundwater by infiltration. Evidence of such contamination is found in Upper KIzIlIrmak basin, Gediz basin, and Büyük Melen river basin and some drinking water reservoirs in Istanbul. Additionally, seawater intrusion causes groundwater quality problems in coastal regions, especially in the Aegean coast. Industrial wastes are also polluting surface and groundwater in industrialized regions of Turkey. Deterioration of water quality as a result of fertilizers and pesticides is another major problem especially in the regions of Mediterranean, Aegean, Central Anatolia, and Marmara. Abandoned mercury mines in the western regions of Turkey, especially in Çanakkale, Izmir, Muǧla, Kütahya, and BalIkesir, cause serious groundwater quality problems. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
ISSN: 0167-6369
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering / İnşaat Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
Sürdürülebilir Yeşil Kampüs Koleksiyonu / Sustainable Green Campus Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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