Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11147/9093
Title: Amidoxime functionalized polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-1) electrospun ultrafine fibers for rapid removal of uranyl ions from water
Authors: Satılmış, Bekir
Isık, Tuğba
Demir, Mustafa Muammer
Uyar, Tamer
Keywords: Electrospinning
Amidoxime PIM-1
Nanofibers
Membrane
Uranyl adsorption
Water treatment
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Abstract: The Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity (PIM-1) is considered as one of the most promising polymer candidates for adsorption applications owing to its high surface area and the ability to tailor the functionality for the targeted species. This study reports a facile method for the preparation of amidoxime functionalized PIM-1 fibrous membrane (AF-PIM-FM) by electrospinning technique and its practical use for the extraction of U(VI) ions from aqueous systems via column sorption under continuous flow. Fibrous membrane form of amidoxime functionalized PIM-1 (AF-PIM-FM) was prepared by electrospinning method owing to its excellent processability in dimethylformamide. Bead-free and uniform fibers were obtained as confirmed by SEM imaging and average fiber diameter was 1.69 +/- 0.34 mu m for AF-PIM-FM. In addition, electrospun PIM-1 fibrous membrane (PIM-FM) was prepared as a control group. Structural and thermal characterization of powder and membrane forms of the materials were performed using FT-IR, H-1 NMR, XPS, Elemental analyses, TGA, and DSC. The porosity of the samples was measured by N-2 sorption isotherms confirming amidoxime PIM-1 still maintain their porosity after functionalization. Amidoxime functionality along with membrane structure makes AF-PIM-FM a promising material for uranyl adsorption. First, a comparison between powder and membrane form of amidoxime functionalized PIM-1 was investigated using batch adsorption process. Although membrane form has shown slightly lower adsorption performance in the batch adsorption process, the advantage of using the membrane in column adsorption processes makes membrane form more feasible for real applications. In addition, amidoxime modification enhanced the uranium adsorption ability of PIM-FM up to 20 times. The effect of initial concentration and pH were investigated along with regeneration of the adsorbents. AF-PIM-FM was successfully used for five adsorption-desorption cycles without having any damage on the fibrous structure.
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.10.210
https://hdl.handle.net/11147/9093
ISSN: 0169-4332
1873-5584
Appears in Collections:Materials Science and Engineering / Malzeme Bilimi ve Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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