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Title: Biosorption of methylene blue from water by live Lemna minor
Authors: Can Terzi, Begüm
Gören, Ayşegül Yağmur
Ökten, Hatice Eser
Sofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
Keywords: Duckweed
Textile dye
Box-Behnken design
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: A number of green treatment technologies have been used for textile wastewater treatment, among which phytoremediation is a low cost, effective, and promising alternative - to conventional treatment techniques. The aim of this study was to investigate performance of Lemna minor (L. minor) for phytoremediation of Methylene Blue (MB). A Box-Behnken experimental design (BBD) was applied to study individual and combined effect of operating parameters on MB dye removal efficiency: MB dye concentration (x(1): 5 - 25 mgL(-1)), amount of L. minor (x(2): 1 - 5 g), and pH of the solution (x(3): 4.5 - 9.0). Response surface analysis and response model were utilized to reveal the relationship between operating parameters and MB removal efficiency. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analyses of L. minor samples were used to infer on the removal mechanism. The predicted optimum values were x(1) = 15 mgL(-1), x(2) = 4.9 g, and x(3) = 6.8, for the highest removal efficiency (98%) within 24 h. FTIR and SEM analyses indicated that the dye removal mechanism was mainly biosorption. Desorption experiments revealed that L. minor released only a small fraction of the sorbed dye. Consequently, in addition to being environmental friendly and cost effective, results of this study show that L. minor can be effectively used for MB dye removal from wastewaters while adding to the pertinent but limited literature by presenting its applicability in wider operating parameter ranges, maximization of removal efficiency through experimental design, and evidence that biosorption is a plausible mechanism. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 2352-1864
Appears in Collections:Environmental Engineering / Çevre Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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