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Title: Energy production from treatment of industrial wastewater and boron removal in aqueous solutions using microbial desalination cell
Authors: Gören, Ayşegül Yağmur
Ökten, Hatice Eser
Keywords: Boron removal
Microbial desalination cell
Energy production
Geothermal brine
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: As a result of a much needed paradigm shift worldwide, treated saline water is being considered as a viable option for replacing freshwater resources in agricultural irrigation. Vastly produced geothermal brine in Turkey may pose a significant environmental risk due to its high ionic strength, specifically due to boron. Boron species, which are generally found uncharged in natural waters, are costly to remove using high-throughput membrane technologies such as reverse osmosis. Recent advances in bioelectrochemical systems (BES) has facilitated development of energetically self-sufficient wastewater treatment and desalination. In this study, removal of boron from synthetic solutions and real geothermal waters, along with simultaneous energy production, using the microbial desalination cell (MDC) were investigated. Optimization studies were conducted by varying boron concentrations (5, 10, and 20 mg L-1), air flow rates (0, 1, and 2 L min(-1)), electrode areas (18, 24, 36, and 72 cm(2)), catholyte solutions, and operating modes. Even though the highest concentration decrease was observed for 20 mg-B L-1, 5 mg-B L-1 concentration experiment gave the closest result to the 2.4 mg-B L-1 limit value asserted by WHO. Effect of electrode surface area was proven to be significant on boron removal efficiency. Employing the optimum conditions acquired with synthetic solutions, boron and COD removal efficiencies from real geothermal brine were 44.3% and 90.6%, respectively. MDC, being in its early levels of technology readiness, produced promising desalination and energy production results in removal of boron from geothermal brine.
ISSN: 0045-6535
Appears in Collections:Environmental Engineering / Çevre Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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