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Title: Effects of golden thistle (Scolymus hispanicus L.) on cytotoxic activity: Cell cycle arrest and apoptotic properties on the CaCo-2 cell line
Authors: Özel Taşcı, Cansu
Güleç, Şükrü
Izmir Institute of Technology
Izmir Institute of Technology
Keywords: Apoptosis
Cell cycle arrest
Issue Date: May-2022
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
Abstract: Cancer is a global concern for many individuals with high mortality rates, with colon cancer being the third most common diagnosed cancer worldwide. A phytochemical-rich diet is often recommended in the prevention and during the treatment of cancer cases. Golden thistle (GT) plant (Scolymus hispanicus L.) is a wild edible plant widely consumed in the Mediterranean countries. In this study, we aimed to obtain a hydromethanolic extract from three parts of the GT plant and test its antiproliferative activity in the CaCo-2 human adenocarcinoma cell line. Concentrations of the golden thistle extract (GTE) were used to treat CaCo-2 cells and the most significant reduction was detected with 4 mg/mL GTE after 72 h, with 78.3% decrease in cell viability (P < .05). Additionally, 4 mg/mL GTE caused 7.8-fold higher release of lactate dehydrogenase enzyme, indicating cell death after treatment. Flow cytometric analyses concluded both 3.3-fold higher early and late apoptotic activity of the 4 mg/mL GTE compared with the nontreated control group (P < .05). Last, 4 mg/mL GTE showed 24.1% reduction in the G1 phase and 38.1% increase in the S phase of cell cycle distribution. The alteration of G1 and S phases in the cell cycle led to growth reduction of CaCo-2 cells and caused apoptosis. Copyright
Appears in Collections:Food Engineering / Gıda Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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