Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of olive leaf extract microcapsules on MCF-7 and A549 cancer cells
Authors: Bal, Yıldız
Sürmeli, Yusuf
Şanlı Mohamed, Gülşah
Keywords: Olive leaf extract
Alginate microcapsules
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: Alginate microcapsules are a talented means for the delivery of broad curative biomacromolecules. In this study, we immobilized olive leaf extract (OLE) by calcium alginate (CA) and chitosan-coated CA (CCA) and characterized the OLE-loaded CA and CCA. The cytotoxic effect, the cell cycle arrest, and the apoptotic effect of OLE and its microcapsules were investigated against breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) and lung carcinoma (A549). As a result, the loading capacity of OLE-CA and OLE-CCA was found to be 80 and 99%, respectively, in optimal conditions. Also, OLE-CA and OLE-CCA were characterized by unique FTIR peaks and morphological display relative to the empty CCA microcapsules. The cytotoxicity analysis showed that the IC50 values of OLE-CA and OLE-CCA were determined to be 312 and 0.94 μg mL-1 against A549, respectively, whereas these were found to be 865.4 and 425.5 μg mL-1 for MCF-7 cells. On the other hand, the OLE microcapsules did not possess in any concentration of cytotoxic influence on the BEAS 2B healthy cell line. Also, the exposure of OLE-CCA to MCF-7 and A549 resulted in the arrest of more MCF-7 and A549 cells at the G0/G1 phase compared to the OLE. A549 and MCF-7 cells were predominantly found in the late apoptosis phase and necrosis phase, respectively. Optical microscopy images confirmed that OLE microcapsules were more effective against MCF-7 and A549 than free OLE. The present work suggested that the OLE microcapsules might be administered as nutrition supplements for cancer therapy. © 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.
ISSN: 2470-1343
Appears in Collections:Bioengineering / Biyomühendislik
Chemistry / Kimya
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
Antiproliferative.pdf7.76 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record

CORE Recommender


checked on Jul 12, 2024


checked on Jul 13, 2024

Page view(s)

checked on Jul 15, 2024


checked on Jul 15, 2024

Google ScholarTM



Items in GCRIS Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.