Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11147/14014
Title: Bacillus cereus: A review of “fried rice syndrome” causative agents
Authors: Leong, Sui Sien
Korel, Figen
King, Jie Hung
Keywords: Bacillus cereus
Bacteria
Foodborne
Hygiene
Rice
Toxins
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Academic Press
Abstract: “Fried rice syndrome” originated from the first exposure to a fried rice dish contaminated with Bacillus cereus. This review compiles available data on the prevalence of B. cereus outbreak cases that occurred between 1984 and 2019. The outcome of B. cereus illness varies dramatically depending on the pathogenic strain encounter and the host's immune system. B. cereus causes a self-limiting, diarrheal illness caused by heat-resistant enterotoxin proteins, and an emetic illness caused by the deadly toxin named cereulide. The toxins together with their extrinsic factors are discussed. The possibility of more contamination of B. cereus in protein-rich food has also been shown. Therefore, the aim of this review is to summarize the available data, focusing mainly on B. cereus physiology as the causative agent for “fried rice syndrome.” This review emphasizes the prevalence of B. cereus in starchy food contamination and outbreak cases reported, the virulence of both enterotoxins and emetic toxins produced, and the possibility of contaminated in protein-rich food. The impact of emetic or enterotoxin-producing B. cereus on public health cannot be neglected. Thus, it is essential to constantly monitor for B. cereus contamination during food handling and hygiene practices for food product preparation. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2023.106418
https://hdl.handle.net/11147/14014
ISSN: 0882-4010
Appears in Collections:Food Engineering / Gıda Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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