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Title: An exposure–risk assessment for potentially toxic elements in rice and bulgur
Authors: Sofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
Sofuoğlu, Aysun
Keywords: Toxic elements
Ingestion exposure
Health risks
Issue Date: 10-Apr-2017
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Source: Sofuoğlu, S. C., and Sofuoğlu, A. (2017). An exposure–risk assessment for potentially toxic elements in rice and bulgur. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. doi:10.1007/s10653-017-9954-1
Abstract: Rice and wheat are rich sources of essential elements. However, they may also accumulate potentially toxic elements (PTE). Bulgur, the popular alternative to rice in the eastern Mediterranean, is produced by processing wheat, during which PTE content may change. This study determined PTE concentrations in rice and bulgur collected from 50 participant households in the City of Izmir, Turkey, estimated ingestion exposure, and associated chronic-toxic and carcinogenic human health risks. Comparison of the determined concentrations to the available standard levels and the levels reported in the literature revealed that Cd, Co, and Pb in rice might be of concern. The estimated health risks of individual participants supported this result with exceedance of respective threshold or acceptable risk levels at the 95th percentile. Population risk estimates indicated that the proportion with higher than the threshold or acceptable risk is about 10%, 24%, and 12% for Cd, Co, and Pb in rice, respectively. Results of this study showed that health risks associated with PTE exposure through bulgur consumption are lower than those of rice, and below the threshold or acceptable risk levels.
ISSN: 0269-4042
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering / Kimya Mühendisliği
Environmental Engineering / Çevre Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
Sürdürülebilir Yeşil Kampüs Koleksiyonu / Sustainable Green Campus Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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