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Title: Evolution of floods: From ancient times to the present times (ca 7600 BC to the Present) and the future
Authors: Angelakis, Andreas N.
Capodaglio, Andrea G.
Valipour, Mohammad
Krasilnikoff, Jens
Ahmed, Abdelkader T.
Mandi, Laila
Tzanakakis, Vasileios A.
Baba, Alper
Kumar, Rohitashw
Min, Zhang
Han, Mooyoung
Bashiru, Turay
Bilgiç, Esra
Derkas, Nicholas
Keywords: Flood management
Heavy rainfall
Urbanized areas
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Floods are one of the most dangerous natural disasters, causing great destruction, damage, and even fatalities worldwide. Flooding is the phenomenon of a sudden increase or even slow increase in the volume of water in a river or stream bed as the result of several possible factors: heavy or very long precipitation, melting snowpack, strong winds over the water, unusually high tides, tsunamis, or the failure of dams, gages, detention basins, or other structures that hold back water. To gain a better understanding of flooding, it is necessary to examine evidence, search for ancient wisdom, and compare flood-management practices in different regions in a chronological perspective. This study reviews flood events caused by rising sea levels and erratic weather from ancient times to the present. In addition, this review contemplates concerns about future flood challenges and possible countermeasures. Thus, it presents a catalogue of past examples in order to present a point of departure for the study of ancient floods and to learn lessons for preparation for future flood incidents including heavy rainfalls, particularly in urbanized areas. The study results show that ancient societies developed multifaceted technologies to cope with floods and many of them are still usable now and may even represent solutions and measures to counter the changing and increasingly more erratic weather of the present.
ISSN: 2073-445X
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering / İnşaat Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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